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In he became scientific member of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry and has been Director of this Institute since His most spectacular discovery came at the end of While working jointly with Dr. Strassmann, Hahn discovered the fission of uranium and thorium in medium heavy atomic nuclei and his first work on these subjects appeared on 6th January and 10th February, , in Naturwissenschaften.
Since that time and until Hahn continued investigation on the proof and separation of many elements and kinds of atoms which arise through fission. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures.
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To cite this document, always state the source as shown above. For more updated biographical information, see: Hahn, Otto, My Life. Otto Hahn died on July 28, Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page.
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We have a dedicated site for Germany. Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on atomic fission: his work in Berlin in the s and s with Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann led to the discovery that uranium nuclei bombarded by neutrons undergo spontaneous fission, releasing enormous energies.
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This work, conveyed to England and the US by scientific refugees from Nazi Germany, led to the instigation of the Manhattan Project and the development of the Atomic Bomb. Reviled by many after the war as one of the people responsible for the carnage at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hahn had already begun to reflect on the social responsibility of scientists for their fundamental discoveries and the subsequent applications of the knowledge they create. Already during the war, Hahn had protested Nazi restrictions on Universities and researchers, and after the War, he became actively involved in efforts to restrict the spread of nuclear weapons.
In this volume Klaus Hoffmann discusses Hahn's contributions to science and his reflections of scientific and social responsibility.
He concludes that Hahn's ideas can still serve as a foundation for responsible and moral actions by scientists. Michael Cole translated this biography, which appeared in German on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the death of Otto Hahn. Language English. Uniform Title Otto Hahn.
English Author Hoffmann, Klaus, Dr. Physical Description x, p. Chemists -- Germany -- Biography.
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Atomic bomb -- Germany -- History. Contents 1. Atom Bomb and Nobel Prize 2. Boyhood, Studies, and the First Probationary Years 3.
ISBN 13: 9780387950570
The Awakening of the Natural Sciences 4. The First Scientific Discovery 5.
Research at the University of Berlin 6. The Kaiser Wilhelm Society 7.
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The First World War 8. New Success for the Atomic Researchers 9. Dispute Over the 93rd Element The Splitting of the Uranium Atom
Related Otto Hahn: Achievement and Responsibility
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